Carded yarn and combed yarn are two different types of yarn preparation processes in the textile industry, and each has its own advantages and characteristics. Whether carded yarn is considered superior or not depends on the specific requirements of a particular application. Here are some factors to consider when evaluating carded yarn:
1. Fiber Alignment: In the carding process, fibers are disentangled, blended, and aligned in a relatively random fashion. This results in a yarn with a somewhat uneven texture and fiber alignment. Combed yarn, on the other hand, goes through an additional step where short fibers and impurities are removed, resulting in a more uniform and parallel alignment of fibers. For some applications, such as fine textiles and high-quality clothing, the smoother and more uniform combed yarn may be preferred.
2. Softness and Comfort: Carded yarn tends to retain some of the natural characteristics of the fibers, including a certain degree of softness and loftiness. This can make it more suitable for applications where comfort and a soft hand feel are important, like casual clothing, blankets, and some types of home textiles.
3. Cost: Carding is a less intensive and time-consuming process compared to combing. Consequently, carded yarn is often less expensive to produce, which can make it a more cost-effective choice for certain products, especially those where absolute fiber uniformity is not a primary concern.
4. Appearance: Combed yarns typically have a smoother, cleaner appearance due to the removal of short fibers and impurities. If you’re looking for a yarn with a very polished and consistent appearance, combed yarn may be preferred.
5. Strength and Durability: Combed yarns tend to be stronger and more durable than carded yarns because of the removal of weaker and shorter fibers during the combing process. If you need yarn for applications where strength and longevity are crucial, combed yarn might be the better choice.
In summary, whether carded yarn is superior or not depends on the specific requirements of your project or application. Carded yarn is often chosen for its softness, cost-effectiveness, and suitability for certain types of products, while combed yarn is favored for its smoother appearance and greater strength. The choice between the two depends on factors like the intended use, desired texture, and budget considerations.